Gender-based violence (GBV) encompasses all physical, sexual and psychological violence that is rooted in individuals’ gender roles or identities. Violence against women (VAW) is the most common form of gender-based violence and one of the most pervasive violations of human rights worldwide. 1 in 3 women will experience physical or sexual violence in their lifetimes.

Gender-based violence is a public health crisis that affects millions of people worldwide. Abused women have been found to be more than twice as likely as non-abused women to have poor health, including reproductive health, and both physical and mental problems. These women also have an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV.

The United Nations General Assembly in 1993 adopted the definition of violence against women as “any act that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life”.

GBV encompasses, but is not limited to: physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family, including:

Sexual abuse of female children in the household
Dowry-related violence
Rape within marriage
Female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women
Non-spousal violence
Violence related to exploitation
Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring within the general community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere
Trafficking in women and forced prostitution; and physical, sexual and psychological violence perpetrated or condoned by the state, wherever it occurs

Gender-based violence can also be perpetrated against boys and men due to their sexual or gender identity and is often experienced by transgender people and men who have sex with men.


About Kehinde Richard Fashua
I am a passionate citizen who loves solving challenges and answering geo-questions via research & analytics for insight delivery and goodwill of brands. My specialties are in Research, Quantitative & Qualitative Data Analysis, GIS Analysis/Geo-analytics, Remote Sensing, Digital Communication, Public Relations and Graphics Design


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