Attend A Free Industry-Wide Professional Course On Anti Corruption

In commemoration of the International Anti-corruption Day 2017, the Young Anti-corruption Enthusiasts in Sub Saharan Africa is organizing a Free Industry-Wide Professional Course On Anti Corruption.

This is free industry-wide professional course on anti-corruption for Sub Saharan African economy. This edition is exclusively designed for young graduates and professionals in Nigeria to educate them on how to join the good fight of anti-corruption across the nation.

The following are the topics that would be addressed at the event:

Session 1:

Basic anti-corruption education.
Facilitator: Akindele Fayombo CCEP-I

Session 2: 
Nigeria Now: What corruption is doing to us and why we must take action.
Facilitator: Adedotun Akintola-Idowu

Session 3: 
Standing for integrity in the midst of a corrupt system.
Facilitator: Obaromine Ohwojero

Session 4: 
Creating and leading an anticorruption dream team.
Facilitator: Tolu’ Sobande

Time: 10:00am 

Venue: Rita’s Events & Suites.
12/14, charity Road, New Oko-oba, Agege, Lagos Mainland.

For Enquiries: Call Remi @ 07014828039

Let’s be United Against Corruption.

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13 Fascinating Facts About Lions

Lions are known for their elegance, fierceness, strength and majestic gait which earned them the nickname “king of the jungle”. The male lions are exceptional amongst other feline family due to their thick and intimidating manes which surround their necks.

According to the National Geographic, the roar of a mature-adult lion which can be horrifying and frightening can be heard 8 kilometers away.

Lions are found in major natural parks in Eastern Africa and parts of Central Africa and India. The notable parks are the magnificent Serengeti National Park and Krugar National Park. Likewise, in Nigeria, the Kainji Lake National Park and Yankari Games Reserve are the two reserves with few of the remaining lions in West Africa.

Some of the several facts about Lions are listed below.

  1. Lions live in groups called prides, which comprise of related lionesses and their dependent offspring along with two or three unrelated males. As soon as the dependent young lion becomes independent, he may decide to form its own pride.
  2. A male lion weighs about 226 kilograms, which is about the weight of 4 adult humans.
  3. Lions live in grasslands and plains and not the jungle or rain forest as usually depicted.
  4. Lionesses are in charge of hunting while the male lions stay home and watch over the pride.
  5. A baby lion is called a cub or a lionet.
  6. If a lion misses its target on the first run, it usually abandons the chase.
  7. Lions can survive for long periods without water, getting much of what they need from the moisture content of their prey.
  1. Lionesses with their female cubs live together for life while the male cubs must venture out on their own once they reach maturity.
  2. Lions are the only member of the feline family with manes which makes them appear larger and more intimidating.
  3. Some countries make use of the lion symbol in their emblem. Countries like Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, England, Ethiopia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Singapore all regard the lion as their national symbol.
  4. Brands like Peugeot, Lions club, MGM Studios, Lonsdale, Premier League also make use of the Lion emblem.
  5. Lions are regarded as vulnerable in the conservation status of the International Union of Conservation of Nature.
  6. There are lists of lion movies as well. Movies like: Lion King, the Ghost and the Darkness, the last lions, prey and African cats.

Low Voters Turnout in Anambra: the reasons and implications

The Anambra state gubernatorial elections have come and gone. However, the low turnout of voters remains a cause for concern.

As reported by the Independent Electoral Commission’s returning officer for Anambra, Zana Akpagu, “a total of 2,064,134 registered as eligible voters out of which only 448,771 actually cast their votes”. Statistically, only 22% of registered eligible voters ended up casting their votes.

One can only attribute this low turn out to the rising incidence of political and voter apathy which had characterized previous elections in Nigeria as well as the distrust of electorates against politicians.

Furthermore, the socioeconomic and education level can also be linked to an electorate’s propensity to vote. The issue of religious and ethnic bias, as well as perceived electoral violence, also has its role in the decision to vote. Other causes can also come from alleged intimidation from security agents, stress encountered from the malfunctioning of card readers, non-flexibility of the entire electoral system and security threats issued by the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB).

The grave consequences and impact of the aforementioned causes on our democracy cannot be overemphasized. It threatens democracy and weakens the foundations and core principles of electoral processes. Unfortunately, the docility of Nigerian electorates towards political participation is being capitalized on by politicians to manipulate elections to the detriment of the citizens who are so ignorant of the power of their votes.

In other to avert this growing trend of voter apathy, there is a need for an effective voter education to be fused into the existing academic curriculum. Also, Civil Society Organizations and religious institutions need to embark on a large-scale citizen enlightenment campaign before the 2019 General elections.

Flexibility in electoral processes will no doubt improve turn out of electorates. This must reflect on initiating technology and eliminating the common cases of card reader malfunction. Policies that improve flexibility in the area of registration timing, location and procedures should also be adjusted.

Conclusively, issues regarding loss of voter’s card and change of location should be addressed as electorates should be able to vote wherever they find themselves so long they have their profiles on INEC’s database.

 

Low Voters Turnout in Anambra: the reasons and implications

The Anambra state gubernatorial elections have come and gone. However, the low turnout of voters remains a cause for concern.

As reported by the Independent Electoral Commission’s returning officer for Anambra, Zana Akpagu, “a total of 2,064,134 registered as eligible voters out of which only 448,771 actually cast their votes”. Statistically, only 22% of registered eligible voters ended up casting their votes.

One can only attribute this low turn out to the rising incidence of political and voter apathy which had characterized previous elections in Nigeria as well as the distrust of electorates against politicians.

Furthermore, the socioeconomic and education level can also be linked to an electorate’s propensity to vote. The issue of religious and ethnic bias, as well as perceived electoral violence, also has its role in the decision to vote. Other causes can also come from alleged intimidation from security agents, stress encountered from the malfunctioning of card readers, non-flexibility of the entire electoral system and security threats issued by the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB).

The grave consequences and impact of the aforementioned causes on our democracy cannot be overemphasized. It threatens democracy and weakens the foundations and core principles of electoral processes. Unfortunately, the docility of Nigerian electorates towards political participation is being capitalized on by politicians to manipulate elections to the detriment of the citizens who are so ignorant of the power of their votes.

In other to avert this growing trend of voter apathy, there is a need for an effective voter education to be fused into the existing academic curriculum. Also, Civil Society Organizations and religious institutions need to embark on a large-scale citizen enlightenment campaign before the 2019 General elections.

Flexibility in electoral processes will no doubt improve turn out of electorates. This must reflect on initiating technology and eliminating the common cases of card reader malfunction. Policies that improve flexibility in the area of registration timing, location and procedures should also be adjusted.

Conclusively, issues regarding loss of voter’s card and change of location should be addressed as electorates should be able to vote wherever they find themselves so long they have their profiles on INEC’s database.

The Role of Research in the Nigeria Agricultural Policy Process

Research is a critical enabler to economic growth and development with its relevance cutting across the policy process. Its role cannot be over emphasized especially as a developing nation with a rapidly increasing population where agriculture plays a vital role in the economy, not only because it employs about 70% of her total population but also due to its position as the bedrock of the economy, more importantly, is its resources needed for agro industries to run. Research simply assists in ascertaining and finding out varying inputs, adopted technologies tools, techniques in addition to newest ways to combating issues relating to pests and diseases as well as coming up with pest, disease and drought resistant crops in addition to new techniques in biotechnology derived from agricultural products. Thus to attain a state of sustainable agriculture is to utilize the role of research and its results as a source of information and regulation needed to formulate a policy.

The most current Agricultural policy is the Agriculture Promotion Policy (APA), a four-year plan (2016- 2020) which was initiated to close notable gaps that existed in the previous plan of Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) which was in place from 2011-2015. Significantly, most of the initiated policies and plans all placed research in its initiation, planning and implementation stage. However, gaps such as short policy lifespan, military coups leading to a lack of continuity, corruption from embezzlement, misappropriation of fund, low and unpredictable research budget, shortage of technical staffs, lack of continuity and undefined research objectives have often truncated past agricultural policies which in turn leads to the need for further research. Consequently, there are fifteen research institutes established to come up with induced policies which further corroborated the need and importance of research in the agriculture sector.

New policies usually stem up from the weakness and gap that exist from previous policies due to the fact that planning, initiation and execution are usually carried out without involving the stakeholders. For instance Anyanwu (1997) observed that most of the government policies on agricultural have failed to address the issues of land tenure system, provision of adequate agricultural facilities to farmers, access to agricultural micro credits, access to markets for the sale of agricultural provision of agricultural education to rural farmers on mechanized farming, among others. Eze et al (2010) also noted that access to credit is a problem for all farmers and is particularly acute for a poor farmer. This can vividly be attributed to poor research processes adopted as well as the inability to carry respective stakeholders along.

The first process in formulating an agricultural policy is to develop the required policy agenda that is unique to gaps identified in previous policies. The role of research here will entail identifying case study scenarios, ascertaining key stakeholders, field experiment planning, primary and secondary data source, survey methods, quantitative and qualitative methods to adopt, review of research and its cost benefit.

The second process will comprise identifying the specific policy objective. The role of research here involves identifying and classifying existing problems to formulate objectives that will guide in the process of coming up with a policy. This can only be achieved by carrying out intensive reconnaissance survey and field study which will involve all stakeholders within the agricultural value chain. Identified objectives are further evaluated to arrive at a specific scope of research. Afterwards, research on selecting key stakeholders, key informant and results from expert judgment will be used in making 2 recommendations to be forwarded to policy and law making bodies such as the country’s national assembly for possible passage of law.

After legislation and enactment of policy, it is sent to the executive arm for immediate implementation. At this stage, a policy is formulated to provide agricultural communities and other decision makers with needed recommendations and actions geared at resolving all agricultural problems.

The last process is monitoring, evaluating and carrying out an impact assessment on end users of the formulated policies. The role of research in this process is very critical as it involves establishing the true situation on the ground. This will only authenticate the viability and success of the policy being formulated. Here, feedbacks from farmers, agricultural institution and other stakeholders in the entire value chain will determine the impact assessment level of the agricultural policy.

Amongst all other things, the role of research in agricultural policy process involves multiple stakeholders from farmer groups, investors, processors, lenders, civil servants, academics amongst others. The framework enables identified stakeholders to provide detailed input, commentary, and support necessary in narrowing down gaps in previous policies.

It is worthy of note that problems usually trigger the need for research. Nigeria as a developing country has been faced with energy problem which has lingered over time. Fortunately, research in the agricultural sector has been able to provide a solution with the advent of biotechnology in the area of biogas and biofuel as an alternative energy source from agro biodegradable biomass in which my work fits into.

Since the current Agriculture Promotion Policy (2016-2020) is based on four go-forward federal priorities which are; food security, import substitution, job creation and economic diversification with a partnership with the various State Governments. Alternative source of energy owing to the non-utilization of agro wastes and over dependence on hydro-power and gas for power generation is expedient. Related research reveals that abundant animal wastes generated can be converted to useful products using anaerobic digestion which represents a strategically vital step away from reliance on fossil fuels whilst contributing to the development of a sustainable energy supply and enhanced energy security in the long-term which can be integrated in formulating policies aimed at encourages alternative energy source and economic diversification.

References

Anyanwu, J.C. et al (1997) The Structure of the Nigerian Economy (1960-1997). Onitsha: Joanee Educational Publishers Ltd.

Eze, C.C., Lemchi, J.I., Ugochukwu, A.I., Eze, V .C., Awulonu, C.A.O and A.X. Okon (2010), Agricultural Financing Policies And Rural Development In Nigeria. A Paper presented at the 84th Annual Conference of t he Agricultural Economics Society, Edinburgh 29th To 31st March

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